The estate has 403 hectares (around 1000 acres) of mixed woodland set within a fine rural landscape. Of this area 295 hectares is broadleaf woodland and 90 productive conifer, with the balance open ground. Overall oak is the predominant species but there are several very fine beech stands as well as high quality pine, larch and fir plantations. As with all woodland, British history is etched into their structure. The conifer plantations, for example, typical of many woods in Southern England, largely fall into two broad age bands with major planting taking place after each war in the 1920's and the 1950's. This is because much growing timber was exploited for the respective war efforts and the resultant open ground was replanted under subsequent national policies. Going further back much of the older oak would probably have been planted following the Napoleonic wars when planting increased nationally because of a perceived shortage in the availability of ships' timbers.